Government in London was Fascist, while the Poles generally were
adverse to any unity among themselves, and what was more important,
among the Allies . . . The Polish people and their Government were put
in the stocks because they refused to submit to the Lublin Quislings, and,
as The Tablet wrote ironically on 23rd December, 1944, " Dr. Johnson
once related to his friends how he had seen a fish-monger skinning alive a
conger-eel, and soundly cursing it for not keeping still. Impatience with
a destined victim for not going quietly to destruction is a curious attitude.,
but it is to be discerned in those who do not conceal their impatience
because the Polish Government is resisting instead of facilitating the
Soviet designs on the life of its country.55
As a result of Churchill's frequent references to the United States in
his speech and the stir in the American Press, Washington, who had for
so long maintained the strictest reserve regarding the Polish problem, felt
impelled to explain its position. This statement appeared on iSth
December, and by its indications showed that the United States wished
to adhere to its previous attitude.
" The United States Government's position as regards Poland has been
steadfastly guided by full understanding and sympathy for the interests of
the Polish people. This position has been communicated on previous
occasions to the interested Governments, including the Government of
Poland. It may be summarised as follows :
" (1) The United States Government stands unequivocally for a strong,
free, and independent Polish State, with the untrammelled right of the Polish
people to order their internal existence as they see fit.
" (2) It has been the consistently held policy of the United States Gov-
ernment that question relating to boundaries should be left in abeyance
until the termination of hostilities. As Air. Cordell Hull, then Secretary
of State, stated in his address of April 93 1944 : c This does not mean that
certain questions may not and should not in the meantime be settled by
friendly conference and agreement.'
" In the case of the future frontiers of Poland, if mutual agreement is
realised by the United Nations directly concerned, this Government would
have no objection to such an agreement, which could make an essential
contribution to the prosecution of the war against the common enemy.
" If, as a result of such an agreement, the Government and people of
Poland decide that it would be in the interests of the Polish State to transfer
national groups, the United States Government in co-operation with other
Governments, will assist Poland in so far as is practicable in such transfers.
" The United States Government continues to adhere to its traditional
policy of declining to give guarantees for any specific frontiers.
" The United States Government is working for the establishment of a
world security organisation through which the United States^ together with
other member States, would assume responsibility for the preservation of
" (3) It is the announced aim of the United States Government, subject
to legislative authority, to assist countries liberated from the enemy in
repairing the devastation of war and thus to bring to their peoples an
opportunity to join as full partners in the task of building a more prosperous
and secure life for all men and women. This applies to Poland as well as
to other United Nations.